While climate information is often one of many components of risk management, limited access, misunderstandings, and the inadequacy of existing information often cause the information to be under- or misused. IRAP seeks to identify opportunities, in collaboration with local partners, to address barriers in an iterative, end-to-end approach that is problem and solution driven. The approach involves assessments, co-development of services, and evaluation, often within a transdisciplinary framework. These elements involve:
- Assessing the affects of climate on livelihoods at household, community, and regional levels. Reviews of past assessments of climate vulnerability helps shape field research that updates and advances current understanding. Knowledge gained here also helps define the demand for climate information as expressed by user communities.
- Assessing what is known about climate in the area of interest and the scientific opportunities for climate information. Research on climate variation and change highlights possible climate information applications, while inquiries into the capacities of regional service provides also identifies the institutional fabric that can generate and steward the climate information.
- Co-development of climate information products with stakeholders. User communities are involved in the creation and delivery of the climate information through routine engagement, and information from the assessments helps identify and create a viable service or services.
- Co-development of programmatic interventions. Stakeholders help devise sustainable means and mechanisms to supports the beneficial application of climate information through specific programmatic interventions, investments, and policies.
- Monitoring and evaluation of climate information service outcomes. Projects are implemented within a monitoring and evaluation framework that includes, where possible, assessing baseline conditions as well as changes in conditions that followed the climate service intervention. Evaluation helps identify impacts that are attributable to the climate service.