Droughts, water supply challenges, bush fires, extreme precipitation, and hurricanes routinely cause damage across the Caribbean region. The region also exhibits large socioeconomic diversity and different capacities at the national meteorological service level that are charged with helping states and community prepare for and respond to climate change and variability. The confluence of climate exposure and social conditions that vary in space and time produces a complex geography of climate vulnerability. IRAP projects are therefore focused on improving knowledge of the region’s climate dynamics and vulnerability, developing capacity in and improving access to climate services, and evaluating the impacts of climate services.
Located in the northeast of India and sharing its northern border with Nepal, Bihar is home to more than 100 million people. The region experiences widespread poverty and many people earn insufficient income farming small tracks of land. Bihar is also exposed to different climate stresses. The northern areas of Bihar routinely experience floods, while the southern areas are exposed to droughts. The monsoon also delivers intense and variable summer rains that present their own set of challenges. While climate and weather information can help farmers manage their livelihoods, access to timely and relevant climate information in rural communities is still very limited. IRAP aims to support the livelihoods of farmers in Bihar by linking with a World Bank project—Jeevika—to identify and develop useful and useable climatic services.
Bangladesh’s high population density, low GDP, deltaic geography, and exposure to climate changes cause it to be one of the most vulnerable countries to climate. Climate-related risks manifest in sea-level rise, saltwater intrusion, storm surges, and cyclones, and they routinely impact the livelihoods of many Bangladeshi’s struggling to cope and adapt to these changes. The breath and depth of the risks have made Bangladesh a frontline for climate impacts and adaptation. Consequently, there are many national and international projects attempting to enhance climate resilience. The activity, however, creates an urgent need to integrate the best available climate service science in an integrated approach. IRAP is therefore working with local organizations to scope and enhance the institutional capacity and networks to effectively integrate climate information into livelihood decision-making across regional and local scales.